Foundations of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism

Author: Colin Baker, Wayne E. Wright

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Hardback, Ebook(PDF), Ebook(EPUB)
Multilingual Matters
Number of pages:
246mm x 178mm

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The seventh edition of this bestselling textbook has been extensively revised and updated to provide a comprehensive and accessible introduction to bilingualism and bilingual education in an everchanging world. Written in a compact and clear style, the book covers all the crucial issues in bilingualism and multilingualism at individual, group and societal levels. Updates to the new edition include: 

  • Thoroughly updated chapters with over 500 new citations of the latest research.
  • Six chapters with new titles to better reflect their updated content.
  • A new Chapter 16 on Deaf-Signing People, Bilingualism/Multilingualism, and Bilingual Education.
  • The latest demographics and other statistical data.
  • Recent developments in and limitations of brain imaging research.
  • An expanded discussion of key topics including multilingual education, codeswitching, translanguaging, translingualism, biliteracy, multiliteracies, metalinguistic and morphological awareness, superdiversity, raciolinguistics, anti-racist education, critical post-structural sociolinguistics, language variation, motivation, age effects, power, and neoliberal ideologies.
  • Recent US policy developments including the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), Seal of Biliteracy, Proposition 58, LOOK Act, Native American Languages Preservation Act, and state English proficiency standards and assessments consortia (WIDA, ELPA21).
  • New global examples of research, policy, and practice beyond Europe and North America.
  • Technology and language learning on the internet and via mobile apps, and multilingual language use on the internet and in social media.

Students and Instructors will benefit from updated chapter features including:

  • New bolded key terms corresponding to a comprehensive glossary
  • Recommended readings and online resources
  • Discussion questions and study activities

The new edition keeps this classic most up-to-date at a time when the world needs critical approaches to the education of bilingual and minoritized learners more than ever. The inclusion of the latest cutting-edge research and the discussion of new policy initiatives provide a rich learning resource and open up venues for further studies. It is a model text that really lives up to its high reputation.

Li Wei, UCL Centre for Applied Linguistics, UK

With this edition, Foundations is uplifted to new heights, considering bilingual education not only from the theoretical and practical cornerstones on which it rests, but also from the stature it has reached. The intergenerational scholarly lenses of Baker and Wright produce here a most lucid vision of the possibilities of bilingual education when centered on people and communities.

Ofelia García, The Graduate Center, City University of New York, USA

This seventh edition does an excellent job of presenting current theory and research on both bilingualism and bilingual education. It engages with perspectives that are now central to our understanding of languaging and details the evolution of the field's thinking about various previously unquestioned views about language.

Guadalupe Valdés, Stanford University, USA

Colin Baker is Emeritus Professor at Bangor University, UK. He is the author of over 140 research publications, a best-selling book for parents of bilingual children and an encyclopedia, all on the subject of bilingualism, as well as the six previous editions of this textbook. He is the former co-editor of the Bilingual Education and Bilingualism book series for Multilingual Matters and was editor of the International Journal of Bilingualism and Bilingual Education for 15 years.

Wayne E. Wright is an Associate Dean, Professor, and the Barbara I. Cook Chair of Literacy and Language at Purdue University, USA. He has over 100 research publications, and is the author of a bestselling book on teaching English language learners. He is the co-editor of the Journal of Language, Identity, and Education and co-editor of the Bilingual Education and Bilingualism book series for Multilingual Matters.



Chapter 1: Bilingualism and Multilingualism: Definitions and Distinctions

Chapter 2: The Measurement of Bilingualism

Chapter 3: Languages in Society

Chapter 4: Language Endangerment and Revitalization

Chapter 5: The Early Development of Bilingualism

Chapter 6: The Later Development of Bilingualism

Chapter 7: Bilingualism, Cognition and the Brain

Chapter 8: Theories of Bilingualism and the Curriculum

Chapter 9: Historical Introduction to Bilingual Education in the United States

Chapter 10: Types of Education for Bilingual Students

Chapter 11: Education for Bilingualism and Biliteracy

Chapter 12: The Effectiveness of Bilingual Education

Chapter 13: Effective Schools and Classrooms for Bilingual Students

Chapter 14: Literacy, Biliteracy and Multiliteracies for Bilingual and Multilingual Students

Chapter 15: Support and Assessment of Special Needs and Exceptional Bilingual Students

Chapter 16: Deaf-Signing People, Bilingualism/Multilingualism and Bilingual Education 

Chapter 17: Bilingualism and Bilingual Education as a Problem, Right and Resource

Chapter 18: Bilingualism and Bilingual Education: Ideology, Identity and Empowerment

Chapter 19: Bilingualism in the Modern World




Postgraduate, Research / Professional, Undergraduate, Text
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